Pu­blished: 10. Fe­bruary 2022 | Up­dated: 14. De­cember 2023 Author: An­drea Helten | Re­viewed by An­drea Helten

COVID-19 and your fer­ti­lity

Ef­fects of Co­rona and the COVID-19 vac­ci­na­tion

In ad­di­tion to the the re­duc­tion of our so­cial cont­acts and a ge­neral ne­ga­tive mood, an­o­ther fear dri­ving cou­ples and single women who want to have children, is the ques­tion of the ef­fects of Co­rona and the Covid-19 vac­ci­na­tion on fer­ti­lity and pregnancy. Many cou­ples worry. “How will pos­sible Co­rona af­fect our fa­mily plan­ning?” and “What risks are we ta­king when we vac­ci­nate?”.


Should I get vac­ci­nated if I want to get pregnant soon?

The answer is yes. The Stan­ding Com­mittee on Vac­ci­na­tion (STIKO) ad­vises women who want to have children to be vac­ci­nated against Covid-19 even be­fore con­cep­tion. The vac­ci­na­tion then al­ready pro­tects as soon as the pregnancy has oc­curred. It has been sci­en­ti­fi­cally proven that the mo­ther’s an­ti­bo­dies are trans­ferred to the fetus. Ho­wever, it is not yet clear whe­ther this pro­vides cli­ni­cally re­le­vant pro­tec­tion for the baby. What is cer­tain ho­wever, is that there is no in­creased in­ci­dence of se­rious side ef­fects fol­lo­wing Covid-vac­ci­na­tion du­ring pregnancy.

Ac­cor­ding to the Ro­bert Koch In­sti­tute (RKI), people under 30 years of age, in­clu­ding pregnant women and women who wish to have children, should only be vac­ci­nated with the BionTech/Pfizer vac­cine. This also ap­plies to the so-called booster vac­ci­na­tion, which is also re­com­mended for pregnant women and women who wish to be­come pregnant.

Vac­ci­na­tion against Covid the­r­e­fore pro­tects pregnant women in par­ti­cular, as they are among the risk groups for se­vere courses of the di­sease. If this is the case with the mo­ther, the new­born also has a higher risk of being treated in the neo­natal in­ten­sive care unit, ac­cor­ding to the RKI. Pre­ma­ture births also oc­curred more fre­quently among mo­thers with co­rona than among un­in­fected pregnant women.

To keep the risk for ex­pec­ting mo­thers as low as pos­sible, the STIKO also re­com­mends vac­ci­na­ting their cont­acts, such as their part­ners.


Can the Co­rona vac­ci­na­tion cause in­fer­ti­lity?

The rumor per­sists on the In­ternet and causes fear among cou­ples and single mo­thers who want to have children. But does the Covid-19 vac­ci­na­tion re­ally have a ne­ga­tive ef­fect on sperm in men? A team of re­se­ar­chers from the Uni­ver­sity of Miami Miller School of Me­di­cine re­cently asked them­selves this ques­tion. The team stu­died 45 he­althy male vol­un­teers bet­ween the ages of 18 and 35. The vol­un­teers gave a total of two semen samples, once be­fore the first dose of the vac­cine from BionTech/Pfizer or Mo­derna, and once 70 days after ad­mi­nis­tra­tion fol­lo­wing the se­cond vac­ci­na­tion. The sci­en­tists ex­amined the sperm and found no ef­fect of the vac­cines on male fer­ti­lity.

Fe­male fer­ti­lity is also not af­fected by the vac­cines, ac­cor­ding to the Paul Ehr­lich In­sti­tute (PEI). In ad­di­tion, a study pu­blished by Ox­ford Uni­ver­sity Press ex­amined the re­la­ti­onship bet­ween Covid-19 and oo­cyte re­serve, which is me­a­sured by AMH le­vels. The re­sult: AMH le­vels re­mained un­ch­anged for at least three months after vac­ci­na­tion.


Does Covid 19 vac­ci­na­tion have any ef­fects on the fe­male cycle?

An­o­ther ques­tion that par­ti­cu­larly con­cerns women who want to have children is whe­ther the vac­ci­na­tions af­fect the fe­male cycle. Kno­wing your in­di­vi­dual cycle is, so to speak, the 1x1 if you want to get pregnant soon. The­r­e­fore, hor­monal fluc­tua­tions and ir­ri­ta­tions of the cycle by the Co­rona vac­ci­na­tion would be ra­ther un­de­si­rable. In fact, women more often re­port in the so­cial media that the vac­ci­na­tion has ch­anged their cycle. In prin­ciple, ex­perts see this pos­si­bi­lity as normal, since the fe­male cycle is ex­tre­mely sen­si­tive. Even the smal­lest psy­cho­lo­gical fac­tors are en­ough to ch­ange it. Espe­ci­ally with re­gard to the emo­tional topic of “Covid”, it is the­r­e­fore pos­sible that shifts in your cycle may occur. Ho­wever, ac­cor­ding to cur­rent know­ledge, these seem to be com­ple­tely harm­less and only of short du­ra­tion.

Thus, Dr. Laura Ber­nards, se­nior phy­si­cian at the Clinic for Gyneco­logy and Ob­ste­trics of the He­lios Kli­nikum Kre­feld, points out the spe­cial focus under which the Co­rona vac­ci­na­tion and pos­sible side ef­fects are ty­pical.

“Curr­ently, there is in­creased at­ten­tion be­cause never be­fore have so many adults been vac­ci­nated at the same time. It’s li­kely that the cycle has also shifted be­fore in some women after vac­ci­na­tion, but not much at­ten­tion was paid to it.” The­r­e­fore, the se­nior phy­si­cian said, cycle shifts after vac­ci­na­tion would be fine and not a cause for con­cern.

For cou­ples and single women who want to start their fa­mily plan­ning, this means it is es­sen­tial to find out which cycle phase you are in.

About Fer­tilly

At Fer­tilly, we have made it our mis­sion to ac­com­pany cou­ples (ho­mo­se­xual and he­te­ro­se­xual) and sin­gles on the way to ful­fil­ling their child wish. In doing so, it is im­portant to us to create trans­pa­rency in the area of fer­ti­lity ser­vices, to pro­vide in­for­ma­tion and know­ledge on the to­pics of pregnancy and fer­ti­lity and to help you to find the most sui­table Fer­ti­lity Center. Th­rough co­ope­ra­tion with first-class Fer­ti­lity Cen­tres and cli­nics in Eu­rope, en­qui­ries about Fer­tilly are given pre­fe­ren­tial tre­at­ment. This means that our pa­ti­ents avoid the usually long wai­ting times and get ap­point­ments more quickly.

If you would like more in­for­ma­tion about Fer­ti­lity Cen­ters, suc­cess rates and prices, please contact us using this ques­ti­on­n­aire. We will ad­vise you free of charge and wi­t­hout any ob­li­ga­tion.

  • Answer the first ques­tions in the on­line form in order to book an ap­point­ment. This way we can better ad­dress your needs du­ring the con­ver­sa­tion.

  • We will find the best contact person for your in­di­vi­dual needs. Sche­dule 20 mi­nutes for the con­sul­ta­tion.

  • We will in­tro­duce you to the right fer­ti­lity clinic from our net­work, make an ap­point­ment and ac­com­pany you until your wish for a child is ful­filled.

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